IBM (International Business Machines) is an American company headquartered in Armonk, New York, one of the world's largest manufacturers and suppliers of hardware and software, as well as IT services and consulting services.
The history of IBM dates back to the late 19th century. In 1890, a census was held in the United States. For the processing of its results, the "electric tabulator" invented by Herman Hollerith was first used. Due to this, the census data was processed in a year, while the previous census of 1880 was processed for 8 years. Encouraged by his success, the inventor opened the Tabulating Machine Company in 1896.
On June 16, 1911, the CTR (Computing Tabulating Recording) was formed from the amalgamation of several firms, including the Tabulating Machine Company. CTR produced a wide range of electrical equipment: scales, cheese slicers, time attendance devices, perforating machines.
In 1924, with the entry into the Canadian market and the expansion of the product range, CTR changed its name to International Business Machines, or, for short, IBM.
For almost a hundred years, IBM has made many inventions that have shaped the development of not only the information and computing industry, but also science and culture.
1928. IBM punch cards become the industry standard for the next 50 years, containing nearly all the information the world knows and enabling large-scale projects.
1932. The IBM Service Bureau is the forerunner of cloud computing, even before the invention of the cloud or even the computer.
1952. Digital tape storage that marks the shift from punch-card calculators to electronic computers.
1953. A heart-lung machine assists in the world's first open-heart surgery.
1957. Creation of FORTRAN, arguably the most influential programming language in history.
1969. IBM creates computers and software for the Apollo missions, in which Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon.
1970. The invention of the magnetic stripe, which completely changed the way commercial transactions are conducted.
1971. IBM floppy disks are one of the most influential products in the industry. They make the storage system powerful, affordable, and portable. More than 5 billion units will be sold.
1973. Supermarkets start scanning UPC barcodes invented by IBM employee Norman Woodland.
1981. The IBM personal computer makes computing a common household commodity.
1986. IBM scientists receive the Nobel Prize for the scanning tunneling microscope.
1997. IBM's Deep Blue supercomputer defeats the world's best chess player.
2011. Artificial Intelligence IBM Watson Showcases Unprecedented Demonstration of Natural Speech Recognition and Beats Champions of TV Show Jeopardy!
2018. Summit supercomputer boasts the most powerful processor on the planet. Summit reaches 200 petaflops in a new computing architecture specifically designed for AI.